Automotive sector and colossal data: Challenges and way forward – Ivo Ivanov, the CEO of DE-CIX International

What are the challenges the automotive sector may face in dealing with colossal amounts of data? What are the ways the automotive sector can address this challenge?

Industries worldwide are entering a new era of digitalization, everywhere, for everything, making performance, resilience, and security in network connections business-critical. Enterprises from segments like healthcare, finance, retail, logistics, and automotive are discovering the benefits of connecting with their digital value chain via an Internet Exchange (IX).

The digital car is a digital product for which the manufacturers cannot afford to cut corners on the performance, resilience, or security of their networks. The efficacy and the privacy of their connections to other networks are paramount to the provisioning of the many services and features that define the digital car. Any lapses will affect the reputation of the car brand.

Data and software as the key differentiator of the car of the future

The data produced and analyzed by a car is part of a market that will be valued in trillions of dollars. This data will be highly valuable for a variety of industry segments, starting with the marketing industry (to understand trends and customer preferences), down the road to municipalities (wanting to know which street needs repairing and up-to-the-second traffic flows); there’s the insurance industry (wanting a better understanding of driver behaviour); and then the finance industry (to know about consumption behaviour), just for starters.

On the other hand, analysts from Deloitte to McKinsey assure us that the future car customer is likely to place more emphasis on digital performance than engine performance in the purchasing decision – today, the differences when it comes to engine performance are no longer so significant. So, digital will be a key differentiator, and the competition will occur more on the software side.

Data Journey of a Digital Car

From maintenance data to navigation and infotainment: The data journey of the digital car involves many different kinds of data that need to be sent to or received from a range of service providers and suppliers.

We already see car makers transforming into software developers – like Daimler’s ambition to create their own operating system – and software developers, like Apple, building cars. From both sides, the trend is towards greater ownership of the entire ecosystem. We’ll see players that create a dominating position by owning both – as Apple successfully achieved through offering applications through the iTunes store and at the same time selling the devices on which those applications are used. The market leaders in the automotive sector certainly have the economic power and capabilities to become software market leaders in their own sector.

However, even the best software will not help the data performance and the level of security in a digital car without the proper infrastructure behind it. Infrastructure remains the foundation for digital performance because if the latency (response time) is too high, if the connection is not secure, and if the data volumes cannot be processed or stored, even the best software won’t perform well. It will be crucial for the end-user experience and the performance of the digital car that car makers use interconnection infrastructure directly and have their own setups in data centres around the globe. Because every single millisecond counts.

Infrastructure is the foundation for the digital car

There is no car manufacturer on the planet today who doesn’t realize the potential of digitalization and connectivity in relation to their products. Some major automotive manufacturers have begun to connect to interconnection platforms for their cloud connectivity needs, and for better control of their connections. It will be necessary for all carmakers to get involved in infrastructure, own their connectivity, define their interconnection approaches for evolving business models and services, interconnect application suppliers and the last mile providers, and control this data journey in the commercial sense. It’s about performance.

It’s about security, it’s about flexibility, and it’s about compliance. Without controlling the infrastructure, these four crucial components for becoming an integral stakeholder in this trillion-dollar business will not be manageable. The car manufacturers today want to moderate this data journey.

Interconnecting with partners via an IX enables aggregation in an improved latency to the location of the car, and therefore with improved stability. By choosing an IX that already has an established and vibrant ecosystem of diverse networks, a car manufacturer can be right on the spot, where the digital economy of the future is being moulded.

Automotive networks can thus meet in the most direct and shortest way with all the data suppliers and buyers that are important to them – and those that in future are likely to become important. With a direct interconnect, coupled with a Closed User Group (CUG) specifically designed for enterprise interconnection, the connection on the network side can be ideally optimized, reducing latency to the other provider networks and data centres involved.

Creating interconnection ecosystems for industries – the digital car as a model

We see three overriding challenges that carmakers are confronted with when exchanging vast amounts of data with many different partners:

  • The provision of services and features smoothly and with fast reaction times (dependent on the performance and reliability of the connectivity to other networks)
  • The fulfilment of compliance requirements for multiple regions around the globe where the car may be sold or driven (high levels of legal and regulatory complexity, increasing exponentially with the number of networks and service providers involved).
  • The security of the network, in order to ensure that the car is protected from any form of unauthorized manipulation.

Previously, the automotive manufacturers’ approach was a best-effort solution involving Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) and IP transit (upstream), with no end-to-end control of the traffic, flows between the car and the networks delivering data to or receiving data from the car. This creates challenges for the networks: The more intermediaries between two networks, the higher the latency, the greater the risk of performance and security issues, and the more complex compliance becomes. Because if you do not control the data value chain, you cannot control any of this.

The automotive manufacturer as custodian of personal privacy

However, using a CUG not only improves the latency and performance of your connections but also helps with the fulfilment of data protection and compliance requirements – giving you control of your data value chain. Connected vehicles collect a huge amount of personal data. Controlling compliance through connecting individually to each partner network and forging individual bilateral relationships – as was done in the past in the automotive industry – is not future-oriented for the digital car. Such a solution does not scale well to larger ecosystems involving more players.

The network on wheels - reducing complexity in the digital car

The complexity of controlling the compliance of many partners can be overcome by creating a secure and private closed user group, with the OEM’s compliance policies a prerequisite for participation by partner networks.

There’s another solution: A CUG is a closed, secure, and private interconnection environment on the DE-CIX platform, in which policies for compliance requirements are enabled. This allows the fulfilment of policies to function as a prerequisite for all the participants of the group, which can be efficiently controlled.

Mitigating the risk of anonymous malicious third parties

The issue of security is even more critical. A highly charged threat scenario for the digital car is the potential theft of the driver’s identity or the car itself – that it could be hijacked, manipulated technically, or in the worst case even weaponized. The direct interconnection of the networks in a CUG allows security to be substantially improved. Minimizing the intermediary transporters means fewer possibilities for anonymous third parties to lurk in the shadows. This is not possible with traditional IP transit – where the only option is to place traffic into the hands of a transit provider, who, in turn, announces the packet requests back to the global Internet.

In a CUG, the manufacturer knows exactly which network has sent data – the connection having been checked using BGP and Layer 2 validation instruments. The risk of hijack or a DDoS attack originating from this network is much lower. On top of that, DE-CIX can provide additional security to protect networks from route hijacks, IP hijacking, and DDoS attacks, shielding the digital car and its ecosystem against the most significant risks of the open Internet.

Connecting partners – the digital car of the future is a network on wheels

Protecting digital products and customers

Multiple layers of security: The secure ecosystem of the closed user group can be further protected by additional security services provided by the Internet Exchange operator.

Many of the challenges car manufacturers face in implementing connectivity for the digital car – the network on wheels – can be solved in this way. With the logic of secure interconnection within a Closed User Group located in a vibrant digital ecosystem – via DE-CIX, home to the largest neutral ecosystems in the world.

This same logic applies just as well to other transport sectors, like airlines and logistics suppliers. But also to all industries entering the platform economy – banks, e-health system operators, hospitality, e-manufacturing with global supply chains, and many more in future. Closed, secure, and private interconnection environments offer everyone the chance to grow and develop their digital business models with security and resilience baked in.


What is Peering DB? Why should networks use it?

all about Peering DB

Any Networks looking for Peering, Public or Private Peering may have come across Peering DB. In this blog, we will tell you about what is Peering DB? Why should you have a properly Updated Peering DB Entry and How to get one? How it would be useful for my network or Organization?

What is Peering DB?

As per Peering DB is “PeeringDB is a freely available, user-maintained, database of networks, and the go-to location for interconnection data. Peering DB database facilitates the global interconnection of networks at Internet Exchange Points (IXPs), data centres, and other interconnection facilities, and is the first step in making interconnection decisions”


How Peering DB Started?

Peering DB is widely accepted Default Public Database for making Peering & Interconnection decisions. Created in 2004 by Richard Steenbergen. Previously Internet Exchange Points (IXP’s) or Private Peering facilities (Colocation facilities) use to maintain a list for their Peering Partners. Today Peering DB is not only a Public Database but also a tool to collect information on the latest happenings in Peering World.

When I should create a Peering DB Entry.

When networks are Planning to initiate Peering at any Internet Exchange Point or at Private Facility they are mostly asked to show their presence concerned IX or Datacenter. So it becomes easy for any other Peers to understand Where you are available and

Peering DB entry acts as a First stop when deciding where and whom to peer with. The account can be read-only or read-write in nature. While creating an account, it is recommended to use your official email address or the email address which is used in the registry for allocating resource. The users are generally encouraged to put these details Public.

Peering DB A/C Creation Process.

1. Navigate to and register a user account.


2. Confirm your email address by clicking on the link received on your email.

3. List affiliated network with your ASN and Organization Name. If already exists, create an affiliation with other networks which you need.

4. Wait for Peering DB to approve affiliation with the mentioned organization.

5. Go on the affiliated organization page and edit information. If your network is already added, then update Private and Public Peering Exchange Facilities.


6. Save the updated information and get listed on Peering DB.

7. It is suggested to keep the Information like contact details, Prefix Counts & Peering Facilities properly Updated.

DE-CIX India is proud to announce that we are Platinum Sponsor for Peering DB. We are always happy to help its community, If you facing any issues while updating the Peering DB entries, please drop us a mail at

To know more about DE-CIX India Internet Exchanges Services Visit here. To know more on Available Datacenters and IX Locations Visit here


How to Get IP Pools & Autonomous System Number(ASN)?

How to get IP Pools & Autonomous System Number (ASN)

In today’s telecom & internet Industry, entrants entering ISP business needs own IP pools / AS number to run the network and provide services to end users. With our continuous efforts to help Internet Community, we have tried to help such entrants to understand how to get own IP Pools avoiding paying huge consultancy services and do it yourself.

This blog will give you a complete idea on how to get your own IP pools / ASN and the necessary things required:

Questions to be addressed here:

1. Eligibility Criteria & Documents Required?
2. What is IP Pools / Address Pool?
3. What is IPv4 & IPv6?
4. What is an ASN?
5. Why do I need an Address Pools & ASN
6. How/Where to get IP Pools & ASN.
7. How do I justify my requirement to RIR.
8. How much it cost to take resources.

1. Eligibility Criteria & Documents Required?

  • Certificate of Incorporation
  • GST Copy/ Pan Card of Company. (Both Provided Better)
  • Bank Statement/Electricity Bill
  • Board Resolution Copy, Which confirms that Applicant’s Decisionmaking authority.
  • Authorized Signatory’s  Pan Card(for Signature verification)
  • Authorized Signatory’s Aadhar Card (for address verification)See the checklist here

2. What is an IP Pools/Address pool?

As per Wikipedia, IP Pools / Address pool is a set of Internet Protocol addresses available at any level in the IP address allocation hierarchy. At the top level, the IP address pool is managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).

In Simple terms, every device, computer network or similar equipment require a Unique ID for communicating over the internet.

3. What is IPv4 & IPv6?

IPv4 – Internet Protocol version 4 is the fourth revision of Internet Protocol used to identify devices on a network through an addressing system. IPv4 Uses 32-Bit address scheme containing 2^32 addresses (Over 4 Billion Addresses). With the growth of the Internet, IPv4 addresses will exhaust faster as every device which communicates over the Internet needs an IP address. eg.

IPv6- Internet Protocol version 6 has been implemented to fulfil the need for more IP addresses and is the latest version. IPv6 uses 128-Bit address scheme containing 2^128 addresses (Over 340 undecillion unique addresses). IPv6 also called IPng (Internet Protocol next generation). Many networks are reluctant to go for IPv6. For more adoption of IPv6, IRINN do not charges for IPv6 pools as of now.

4. What is an ASN?

An autonomous system number (ASN) is a unique number that’s available globally to identify an autonomous system and which enables that system to exchange exterior routing information with other neighbouring autonomous systems.

According to Definition given by APNIC “An AS is a group of IP networks operated by one or more network operator(s) that has a single and clearly defined external routing policy”.

5. Why do I need an Address Pool & ASN?

To run an Independent setup, networks should have own IP Pools & Autonomous System Number. It helps to differentiate your network from other networks. For BGP Establishment with multiple networks, ASN will be helpful. One can have access to better transit rates & peering services having it’s own IP Pools/ AS number.

6. How/Where to get IP Pools & ASN?

Getting IP Pools & ASN is easy if done correctly. You can apply for this resource in your regional Internet registries (RIRs). Networks available in APAC region, networks can take these resources from IRINN/APNIC. You can apply for these resources online. For APNIC Click here & For IRINN Click here.

Below are the rough guidelines to start applying for ASN/IP Pools:

IRINN Generally take 5-10 Working days to verify these documents. Once verified, IRINN will get back you for Resource Justification request. It manually verifies all documents & contact details provided by you as IPv4 is a very scarce resource.

Resource Justification Generally takes 6-8 days but may lengthen or shorten based on justification provided. After resource justification, your request will be forwarded to the Billing team for payment procedures. Once payment is done, you will be allotted resource within 2-4 Days.

7. How do I justify my requirement to RIR?

IRINN Resource Justification is a Complete Manual Process, to make your case strong you need to make sure that you are providing the adequate documents. IRINN generally differ all resource requests in two scenario’s

A) ISP/Broadband Telecom Customer – If this case inapplicable in your case you are required to submit the ISP License Copy.

B) Non ISP/Enterprise Customer – This list includes Every Non ISP Customer including datacenter & Hosting Companies.

8. How much it cost to take resources?

Fees – IRINN levies fees on IPv4 & IPv6 Differently. For new requests, the Affiliate must pay the Membership fee of Rs. 25000 + GST regardless of how much IPv4 & IPv6 he is taking.

After 1st Year, Costing would be in this way.

For IPv4

For Autonomous System NumberAny request till /34 will cost ?21999 only.*  Taxes will be applicable, All Pricing is subject IRINN Change.

AS Number is Free if the affiliate is taking any other resources and his ASN request is for valid reasons.

Taxes will be Applicable additionally. Currently, IRINN does not allot more than /23 for ISP Customers and /24 for others.

At DE-CIX India we can help you to get ASN & IP Pools, get in touch with us for further process.

Note: Changes & Updates in Polices are sole discretion of IRINN. If you found you anything wrong or misleading with blog, do let us know, we would be super happy to get it corrected.