DE-CIX celebrates its 25th anniversary

DE-CIX celebrates its 25th anniversary


The world’s leading Internet Exchange operator DE-CIX celebrates a quarter of a century of Internet history “Made in Germany” this year. 1995 heralded the birth of DE-CIX (German Commercial Internet Exchange) in the old post office in the Gutleut quarter of Frankfurt. This was the moment when three Internet service providers – MAZ from Hamburg, EUnet from Dortmund, and XLink from Karlsruhe – connected their networks. The aim was to promote global digital interconnection and establish efficient and cost-neutral data exchange via Internet Exchanges. Today, DE-CIX – with over 20 locations in Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and North America – is an important element of the global interconnection infrastructure, and  DE-CIX Frankfurt is the largest Internet exchange in the world. 

“Back in 1995, Frankfurt was already the telecommunications capital of Germany, and in the meantime it has developed into Europe’s largest Internet hub. In the mid-nineties, data streams between different providers had to cross the Atlantic twice – even if the sender and recipient were actually only a few kilometers apart. With the idea of the interconnection of networks, we were dead right. DE-CIX was in the right place at the right time, because high-speed information exchange was exactly what we could offer our customers. It heralded the birth of a world-wide success model,” DE-CIX CEO Harald A. Summa recalls the early days.

From then until today: Technical innovations during live operations

The technological progress at DE-CIX can be seen, among other things, in the development of the speed of data transmission. 25 years ago, the standard connection to DE-CIX was still 10 Mbit/s via Ethernet. Today, this has increased by a factor of ten thousand to 100 Gbit/s, and thanks to the DE-CIX Apollon platform up to 400 Gbit/s is even possible today in DE-CIX in Frankfurt. Today, DE-CIX in Frankfurt achieves peaks of up to 8.1 Terabits per second data throughput. There is no Internet Exchange (IX) in the world where more data is exchanged.

In the meantime, DE-CIX uses patch robots in the data centers in order to connect customers. One initial success story for these robots – to date the only ones of their kind in the world – was the largest migration in the company’s history. “In 2018, we achieved an important milestone with the new location in the Kleyerstrasse Campus in Frankfurt,” Harald Summa reports. “It was an enormous migration of over 450 customers during live operations – equivalent to open-heart surgery”. Through the use of the robots, a port can be provisioned in just a few minutes, without the need for a technician to actually be physically present. During the migration, a total of more than 15 kilometers of fiber-optic cable were laid.

From Frankfurt to the world – the international expansion of the DE-CIX success model

In parallel to the expansion of DE-CIX in Frankfurt to further locations and the expansion of further Internet Exchanges in Germany, DE-CIX opened its first international Internet Exchange, UAE-IX in Dubai, in 2012. With that, the starting gun was fired for rapid expansion, which experienced another highlight in 2015 with the setting up of DE-CIX New York. “We brought our trailblazing model into the US market filled with motivation and passion. The fact that today we are already the largest neutral Internet Exchange in the New York metropolitan region has exceeded our expectations,” Ivo A. Ivanov, CEO DE-CIX International, reminisces. The international expansion continued in 2016 with DE-CIX Madrid, the fastest-growing IX in the world. With the opening of interconnection hubs in Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, and Delhi, the company enjoyed an exceptionally successful entry into the Indian market in 2018, followed in 2019 by entering South East Asia, with DE-CIX Malaysia. Today, DE-CIX operates more than 20 IXs in Europe, the Middle East, India, South East Asia, and North America, with close to 1900 connected networks from over 100 countries.

The Digital Triangle: 5G, artificial intelligence and IoT as drivers of digitalization

As a result of the continuing digital transformation of companies, the migration of data and processing workloads to the cloud, streaming content in higher and higher resolution, and new technology areas like 5G, artificial intelligence, and the Internet of Things, data traffic is currently growing massively. What is especially important for future-oriented technologies is the lowest possible latency, and having the data close to the customer. “Here, it is more about quality than volume. The more local the set-up, the shorter the data packet transit times are. Our goal is to further improve the Internet ecosystem, and to simplify access to it,” says Ivo A. Ivanov.

DE-CIX is working on the development of solutions based on the consideration of the three key factors 5G, AI and IoT. “Software-defined Internet Exchanges may well be a solution not only to fulfill these requirements efficiently and rapidly, but also to enable fast and inexpensive expansion of the interconnection sector with less dependency on hardware. Software-defined infrastructures will also bring more growth and encourage greater productivity. The DE-CIX success story will continue,” Ivanov concludes.

Detailed content relating to DE-CIX’s first 25 years can be found on the anniversary website. The content is presented with the support of our partners Interxion, Angola Cables, Axians, Nokia, Itenos and Telemaxx.

A selection of the biggest moments in the history of DE-CIX and the Internet can be found here.

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Understanding the Gaming Sector of India

With around 40-50 million youth internet users, The video gaming industry is a developing market in India and is expected to grow rapidly. According to a survey conducted by KPMG, the game development company stands at 275 currently, citing that in 2010, there were only 25 companies in India. The number speaks about the increasing development and potentiality of the gaming country in India.

number of online gamers india


The gaming industry in India was introduced in the early ’90s. Hand-held gaming consoles became a vogue. A couple of years later, smartphones were introduced. The number of people accessing smartphones with data gradually was increasing. Online gaming is now available at one easy click. The recent obsession of Facebook games like Candy Crush, Clash of Clans and the most popular one PUBG has caught the attention of the young Indian crowd – spending hours at length on the interface. Games based on well-known events like Kaun Banega Crorepati, IPL, Khel Kabbadi, and, etc. are becoming a trending initiator of entertainment amongst the teenagers & millennials.

Value of gaming industry in India


As of the year 2019, India is ranked as one of the top five mobile gaming markets in the world in numbers. The Indian online gaming industry is assumed to generate earnings of INR 11,900 crores and the number of users projected to become 628 million by then by the end of 2023. With a business of $890 million in 2018, the video game sector is still underdeveloped in contrast to other Asian countries, such as China and South Korea. However, many video game companies are rising to invest, and India could become a prime market for this sector. One of the factors that drove the growth of the video game market was its large number of cybercafés with more than 100,000 in 2006, 40% of which were used to play online.

Boom of gaming industry in India


The industry is also seeing investments from global gaming giants, including Tencent, Alibaba, Nazara, Youzu, and others. Tencent’s PUBG, for example, is said to have changed India’s mobile gaming environment forever. Media reports state that PUBG is adding Rs 200 crore to Rs 300 crore to Tencent’s income from India and is also a part of DE-CIX India’s connected peering network.

Advantage of Gaming Sector in India

  • World’s enormous youth population has a potential market
  • World’s second huge Internet population attracts new tech culture which includes gaming.
  • Accessibility of creative talent of Engineers, Designers which come at cheap price and great quality.
  • Huge skills based Programmers across IT, Testing and Arts.
  • World-class automation and advanced technology for setting up all relevant gaming development, publication and event setups.
  • Existence of significant development centers like Microsoft, Nvidia, UbiSoft, Zynga, Electronic Arts, Disney, Playdom, Sony, Digital Chocolate, etc


  • 22.2cr gamers devote an average of 42 minutes per day on mobile games.
  • Close to 60 percent of India’s online gamers are below the age of 24, according to industry estimates. Young internet users have a higher tendency to play online games, generally on mobile devices.
  • There are about 250 million game developers in the country, up 10X from 2010 when there were just 25 million.
  • User penetration in the Mobile Gaming is at 19.9% in 2018 and is expected to hit 26.0% in 2022.
  • It is assumed that 294.48 billion and 98.4 billion will be spend on digital ads and mobile internet ads respectively in the year 2021.
  • 95% are mobile centric games.

Covid-19 Identification & Prevention with Foods that Boost Immunity

About Coronavirus-Identification & Prevention


  • Cover your mouth and nose.
  • Wash hands thoroughly with alcohol-based cleaner.
  • Avoid close contact with anyone who is sick.
  • Clean surfaces you often touch.
  • Take adequate sleep and rest.
  • Drink plenty of water/liquids and eat nutritious food.


  • Avoiding being in crowded spaces
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid sharing personal hygiene items.
  • Avoid hugging, shaking hands while greeting.
  • Don’t spit in public places.
  • Don’t travel if you have a fever, contact a health professional immediately.

Foods that boost Immunity:

  • Ginger has strong immunity-boosting properties.
  • Spinach is a nutrient-rich leafy vegetable.
  • Yogurt is great for your gut health.
  • Almonds are loaded with nutrients.
  • Fruits are known for excellent source of anti-oxidants
  • Green tea is a healthy beverage.
  • Soup with a combination of cabbage, broccoli.

To Download Covid19 Identification and Prevention Document Click Here

Note : The above article was created for internal sharing but due to feedback from friends and family we are publishing it here. We urge you to follow the WHO website for accurate and UpToDate information.


For How Long Will The Internet Hold Firm?

The digital divide must be eliminated so that all communities can in future unlock access to information, digital communication tools, and digital content in general.

Crisis and disaster can barge in anytime, bringing catastrophe and disruptions to our lives. India is high on the disaster ranking list. According to India’s National Policy on Disaster Management, almost 59 per cent of India’s landmass is prone to earthquakes; over 12 per cent of the land to floods; about 76 per cent of the coastline to cyclones and tsunamis; with droughts, landslides and avalanches close behind.

Statistically, according to the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, between 2009 and 2019, the country experienced 321 incidences of natural disasters, leaving 108 crore people affected. 2020, the year of the coronavirus, changed the way people carried out business, ran errands, socially connected, and at the most basic level, lived everyday life – after which, 2021 began with the Uttarakhand calamity.

Emergency reaction and relief team activities require assimilation of information that is synced and can be distributed to the public accurately and immediately. But the destruction to a country’s vital infrastructure – such as roads, power lines, radio towers, transportation etc. – brought about by natural calamities retards crucial communication, in turn obstructing rescue efforts. One crucial saving grace in these hostile conditions is the global digital infrastructure consisting of terrestrial and mobile networks, data centers, Internet Exchanges, undersea cables and satellites that deliver the global Internet to all of us.

Crises don’t just change our lives, they also offer a chance to re-evaluate, see things differently and make meaningful investment decisions for the future – turning these challenges into new opportunities to make life better. Digital services have become indispensable to overcoming the challenges and making a crisis manageable. Smart digital applications and solutions, physical elements of AI and IoT, the transmission of data through networks, access to cloud computing and actually access to information of any type have the potential to mitigate the impact of a crisis and are just as vital as other critical services in a crisis, sometimes even essential for survival. These require robust and high-performance digital infrastructure, everywhere.

Never before in modern times have we seen an outbreak with such a global impact as the Covid-19 pandemic. Cities, countries, and entire regions of our world were put on hold, locked in isolation. But even during global lockdowns, the Internet kept private and business life running. This enabled people to stay in contact with loved ones they couldn’t meet with; many were also able to work from home. It allowed children and students to continue with their education. It helped doctors to provide consultations and therapy via telemedicine.

Even medical researchers, who we all pinned our hopes on, used digital applications to remain in touch and share data in their efforts to understand the virus, and find a vaccine. It kept the business world alive: e.g. global supply chains for different industries remained manageable and became even more efficient, and crucial financial services were delivered globally thanks to digital solutions. Therefore, one answer to some of the challenges posed by the Covid-19 pandemic – and the modern world in general – is sophisticated digital infrastructure.

In a globalised world, economic growth and the development of societies in most regions is now based on digital communication and digital services, which depend on the underlying digital infrastructure. The use of smart digital applications and solutions will make people’s lives better.

The quality of crisis management in regions with solid, reliable digital infrastructure provides a stark contrast to those regions of the globe that remain underserved. People and companies from the latter regions have disadvantages that can last for decades. Thus, the digital divide must be eliminated so that all communities can in future unlock access to information, digital communication tools, and digital content in general.

Different stakeholders, including governments, investment policy makers, and the Internet industry itself must take as a high-priority mandate the goal of creating a minimum level of robust digital infrastructure everywhere. This century is presenting us with global challenges, but these can be transformed into opportunities by people and businesses. Digitalisation – relying on robust digital infrastructure – everywhere will allow us to minimise the impact on people and business as much as possible in any crises ahead of us. It will not only enhance the way we manage upcoming crises, but will also enable us to live better lives in the future. This is why, in times of lockdown and the immobility that comes with crises, the world needs a full digital unlocking!

– Ivo Ivanov, CEO, DE-CIX Global

Automotive sector and colossal data: Challenges and way forward – Ivo Ivanov, the CEO of DE-CIX International

What are the challenges the automotive sector may face in dealing with colossal amounts of data? What are the ways the automotive sector can address this challenge?

Industries worldwide are entering a new era of digitalization, everywhere, for everything, making performance, resilience, and security in network connections business-critical. Enterprises from segments like healthcare, finance, retail, logistics, and automotive are discovering the benefits of connecting with their digital value chain via an Internet Exchange (IX).

The digital car is a digital product for which the manufacturers cannot afford to cut corners on the performance, resilience, or security of their networks. The efficacy and the privacy of their connections to other networks are paramount to the provisioning of the many services and features that define the digital car. Any lapses will affect the reputation of the car brand.

Data and software as the key differentiator of the car of the future

The data produced and analyzed by a car is part of a market that will be valued in trillions of dollars. This data will be highly valuable for a variety of industry segments, starting with the marketing industry (to understand trends and customer preferences), down the road to municipalities (wanting to know which street needs repairing and up-to-the-second traffic flows); there’s the insurance industry (wanting a better understanding of driver behaviour); and then the finance industry (to know about consumption behaviour), just for starters.

On the other hand, analysts from Deloitte to McKinsey assure us that the future car customer is likely to place more emphasis on digital performance than engine performance in the purchasing decision – today, the differences when it comes to engine performance are no longer so significant. So, digital will be a key differentiator, and the competition will occur more on the software side.

Data Journey of a Digital Car

From maintenance data to navigation and infotainment: The data journey of the digital car involves many different kinds of data that need to be sent to or received from a range of service providers and suppliers.

We already see car makers transforming into software developers – like Daimler’s ambition to create their own operating system – and software developers, like Apple, building cars. From both sides, the trend is towards greater ownership of the entire ecosystem. We’ll see players that create a dominating position by owning both – as Apple successfully achieved through offering applications through the iTunes store and at the same time selling the devices on which those applications are used. The market leaders in the automotive sector certainly have the economic power and capabilities to become software market leaders in their own sector.

However, even the best software will not help the data performance and the level of security in a digital car without the proper infrastructure behind it. Infrastructure remains the foundation for digital performance because if the latency (response time) is too high, if the connection is not secure, and if the data volumes cannot be processed or stored, even the best software won’t perform well. It will be crucial for the end-user experience and the performance of the digital car that car makers use interconnection infrastructure directly and have their own setups in data centres around the globe. Because every single millisecond counts.

Infrastructure is the foundation for the digital car

There is no car manufacturer on the planet today who doesn’t realize the potential of digitalization and connectivity in relation to their products. Some major automotive manufacturers have begun to connect to interconnection platforms for their cloud connectivity needs, and for better control of their connections. It will be necessary for all carmakers to get involved in infrastructure, own their connectivity, define their interconnection approaches for evolving business models and services, interconnect application suppliers and the last mile providers, and control this data journey in the commercial sense. It’s about performance.

It’s about security, it’s about flexibility, and it’s about compliance. Without controlling the infrastructure, these four crucial components for becoming an integral stakeholder in this trillion-dollar business will not be manageable. The car manufacturers today want to moderate this data journey.

Interconnecting with partners via an IX enables aggregation in an improved latency to the location of the car, and therefore with improved stability. By choosing an IX that already has an established and vibrant ecosystem of diverse networks, a car manufacturer can be right on the spot, where the digital economy of the future is being moulded.

Automotive networks can thus meet in the most direct and shortest way with all the data suppliers and buyers that are important to them – and those that in future are likely to become important. With a direct interconnect, coupled with a Closed User Group (CUG) specifically designed for enterprise interconnection, the connection on the network side can be ideally optimized, reducing latency to the other provider networks and data centres involved.

Creating interconnection ecosystems for industries – the digital car as a model

We see three overriding challenges that carmakers are confronted with when exchanging vast amounts of data with many different partners:

  • The provision of services and features smoothly and with fast reaction times (dependent on the performance and reliability of the connectivity to other networks)
  • The fulfilment of compliance requirements for multiple regions around the globe where the car may be sold or driven (high levels of legal and regulatory complexity, increasing exponentially with the number of networks and service providers involved).
  • The security of the network, in order to ensure that the car is protected from any form of unauthorized manipulation.

Previously, the automotive manufacturers’ approach was a best-effort solution involving Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) and IP transit (upstream), with no end-to-end control of the traffic, flows between the car and the networks delivering data to or receiving data from the car. This creates challenges for the networks: The more intermediaries between two networks, the higher the latency, the greater the risk of performance and security issues, and the more complex compliance becomes. Because if you do not control the data value chain, you cannot control any of this.

The automotive manufacturer as custodian of personal privacy

However, using a CUG not only improves the latency and performance of your connections but also helps with the fulfilment of data protection and compliance requirements – giving you control of your data value chain. Connected vehicles collect a huge amount of personal data. Controlling compliance through connecting individually to each partner network and forging individual bilateral relationships – as was done in the past in the automotive industry – is not future-oriented for the digital car. Such a solution does not scale well to larger ecosystems involving more players.

The network on wheels - reducing complexity in the digital car

The complexity of controlling the compliance of many partners can be overcome by creating a secure and private closed user group, with the OEM’s compliance policies a prerequisite for participation by partner networks.

There’s another solution: A CUG is a closed, secure, and private interconnection environment on the DE-CIX platform, in which policies for compliance requirements are enabled. This allows the fulfilment of policies to function as a prerequisite for all the participants of the group, which can be efficiently controlled.

Mitigating the risk of anonymous malicious third parties

The issue of security is even more critical. A highly charged threat scenario for the digital car is the potential theft of the driver’s identity or the car itself – that it could be hijacked, manipulated technically, or in the worst case even weaponized. The direct interconnection of the networks in a CUG allows security to be substantially improved. Minimizing the intermediary transporters means fewer possibilities for anonymous third parties to lurk in the shadows. This is not possible with traditional IP transit – where the only option is to place traffic into the hands of a transit provider, who, in turn, announces the packet requests back to the global Internet.

In a CUG, the manufacturer knows exactly which network has sent data – the connection having been checked using BGP and Layer 2 validation instruments. The risk of hijack or a DDoS attack originating from this network is much lower. On top of that, DE-CIX can provide additional security to protect networks from route hijacks, IP hijacking, and DDoS attacks, shielding the digital car and its ecosystem against the most significant risks of the open Internet.

Connecting partners – the digital car of the future is a network on wheels

Protecting digital products and customers

Multiple layers of security: The secure ecosystem of the closed user group can be further protected by additional security services provided by the Internet Exchange operator.

Many of the challenges car manufacturers face in implementing connectivity for the digital car – the network on wheels – can be solved in this way. With the logic of secure interconnection within a Closed User Group located in a vibrant digital ecosystem – via DE-CIX, home to the largest neutral ecosystems in the world.

This same logic applies just as well to other transport sectors, like airlines and logistics suppliers. But also to all industries entering the platform economy – banks, e-health system operators, hospitality, e-manufacturing with global supply chains, and many more in future. Closed, secure, and private interconnection environments offer everyone the chance to grow and develop their digital business models with security and resilience baked in.


Why the Internet holds firm: Internet infrastructure in times of COVID-19

The role of the network of subnetworks, once established for research purposes and now known as the internet, has evolved within a few decades into an omnipresent communication and commercial ecosystem. At the end of 2018, more than 50 per cent of the world’s population, 3.9 billion people from all countries of the world, were using the internet – and the trend is growing. According to a Cisco forecast, by 2023 there will be 29.3 billion devices worldwide connected to the internet (or 3.6 devices for every person on the planet), which will send and receive a total of 1,209 terabits per second (Tbps) of internet traffic at peak times – the equivalent of about 48 million parallel Netflix 4K streams. According to these estimates, the data traffic of the future will therefore assume enormous proportions.

COVID-19 is changing the use of the internet – is the internet reaching its limits?

The major role the internet now plays in our society is something we are becoming increasingly aware of – especially these days, in the wake of the COVID-19 crisis. Overnight, people were sent to work from home. We started using the internet to stay in touch with friends and colleagues via video telephony. Small clubs that had previously only had a website began to use streaming to broadcast training sessions, and apart from that, the internet is simply a source of entertainment in the form of online computer games or video streaming.

As a result of these changes, a significant increase in data traffic has been recorded at various observation points on the internet in recent weeks. internet traffic transmitted at peak times grew by more than 10 per cent- 20 per cent. In particular, the data traffic for services that are needed for working from home, such as Skype or Zoom, has increased in some cases by up to 100 per cent. Online and cloud gaming traffic has increased by 50 per cent.

In view of these significant changes in our internet usage behavior, the following questions arise: How much short-term growth can the internet actually sustain, and what are the limiting factors? The open internet architecture was, over 50 years ago, initially conceived with important design decisions, such as the technological independence of the individual subnetworks, best-effort packet switching, and no global control. In detail, of course, the internet and all the technologies involved have undergone enormous development – but many of the basic protocols and concepts (such as IP, BGP and TCP) have mostly only been extended in important details. The totality of these decisions is the basis for the phenomenal growth of the internet over the last few decades. Therefore, it can easily handle short-term increases in data traffic, as we are currently seeing.


Subnetworks ensure stability

In a simplified representation, the structure of the internet consists of three different types of subnetworks, each of which represents administrative domains and can thus be directly assigned to individual companies:

End-user networks i.e. those subnetworks that provide broadband connections such as DSL, UMTS/LTE or cable providers, transport networks which in simple terms represent all networks between the end-customer network and the network providing the service, and service provider networks, from where services are transmitted, often known as content delivery networks, or CDNs. In order to be able to consume a video stream, a request from the user is sent to a server of the provider. The data packet is first transported in the end-user network (at the user’s end) to a transfer point, where it is either transferred to a transport network or directly to the network providing the service. These transfer points include internet Exchanges. If a transport network is connected in between, this ensures delivery through its global backbone.

In a crisis such as the current one, bottlenecks can arise in all these networks due to a sharp increase in data traffic. The limiting factor in the end-user network may, for example, be the connection capacity of the DSL connection, and thus end-user network operators must maintain sufficient capacity within their network to transport the necessary data traffic from households or offices through the end-user networks to the transfer points, and from there to other networks.

In order to prevent limited data traffic at the end user, not all content in today’s modern internet is transported directly from the respective CDN servers to the end customer. Frequently, popular content is already made available on servers that are located directly in the end-user network. For example, a popular new film offered on streaming platforms only has to be transferred once to what is known as a cache server in the end-user network – this applies to up to 50 per cent of cases today. For the final delivery to the customers, the network capacity must still be kept available at the end customer’s end, but this offers considerable potential savings at the network gateways.

Network gateways as bottlenecks

Potential bottlenecks can also occur at the network gateways. This refers to the critical links and transfer points between the individual subnetworks which unite the entire ecosystem of networks within the internet. These network gateways that can experience bottlenecks if they are not sufficiently upgraded, thus limiting the availability of services in the face of explosive growth in data traffic.

The exchange platforms of Internet Exchanges, for example, offer sufficient capacity on a continuous basis and are generally only used at around 50 per cent capacity. Consequently, the connections of the participating subnetworks, which exchange their data traffic at the Internet Exchange, are the limiting factor here. If more data traffic is to flow from all subnetworks connected to the Internet Exchange to another subnetwork than the latter has access capacity at the Internet Exchange, part of the data traffic is inevitably discarded. Typical connection capacities allow transmission rates of 1 Gbps, 10 Gbps, 100 Gbps or even 400 Gbps, which can be increased or combined as desired.

In addition to considering the service provider network itself and the connection capacity at network transitions such as an Internet Exchange, service providers must of course also maintain sufficient server infrastructure to cope with the current increase in usage. It also makes sense to bring the corresponding servers closer to the end customers.


The internet will hold, but for how long?

Overall, from a technological point of view, the internet can withstand the onslaught of recent weeks extremely well, both in the end-user networks and especially at the transfer points. Not least because over the past few years there has already been considerable global growth in worldwide data traffic, and the internet industry has now only had to absorb anticipated short-term growth.

One can therefore speak of accelerated digitalisation, also with regard to developments in working from home or virtual events.Across the board, people were forced to work from home, which established that working virtually works well and can be integrated more often than before the crisis, if necessary, even beyond the COVID-19 measures. Virtual events are also currently experiencing a great upswing. Although the digital alternatives cannot completely replace personal contact, there are many successful online formats that offer participants a high-quality event and can save them, at the very least, a long journey.

In the medium to long term, there may be challenges for the entire internet infrastructure, ones that any other industries will also face. Due to the restriction of freedom of movement, maintenance or upgrading of the devices in data centers cannot always take place as planned. This is not a problem in the short term, since on the one hand, sufficient reserves are available at all times, and on the other hand, automation in data centers is to some extent quite advanced.

However, if the current situation continues for further months, the point at which action is urgently needed may be reached. With regard to the supply chains of the hardware used, for example, there could be delays in delivery. Routers, switches or optical equipment is mainly manufactured in the Asia. As these devices are subject to constant physical stress when in use, they will have to be replaced sooner or later, although the typical cycles for this can be measured in years – and a crisis lasting for years, including delayed deliveries, is rather unlikely.

The bottom line: The virus as a driver of digitalisation

One thing is clear from the current situation: The internet’s holding firm! Even during such phases of maximum load as a global shutdown. However, during the global pandemic, some weaknesses in the digital infrastructure have also emerged, some of which can be felt directly by the user, or will be felt in the long term. Whether it is a question of the challenges in the subnetworks of the internet, at the network gateways, or in the last mile; ultimately it is the responsibility of the respective operators to maintain sufficient capacities and to expand them in a forward-looking manner as necessary.

Now, in the unexpected current crisis, this has to happen faster than planned and across the board. This in turn greatly accelerates digitalisation, with the Corona Virus pandemic as an extremely unusual driver. Disruptive technologies, such as 5G, will accelerate the challenges and demands on “the network”. Only if all participants in internet infrastructure work well in their own way, drive innovation, and show themselves to be unfailingly reliable, will the network of subnetworks, once established – decades ago – for research purposes, be able to meet people’s needs in the future.


How to Get IP Pools & Autonomous System Number(ASN)?

How to get IP Pools & Autonomous System Number (ASN)

In today’s telecom & internet Industry, entrants entering ISP business needs own IP pools / AS number to run the network and provide services to end users. With our continuous efforts to help Internet Community, we have tried to help such entrants to understand how to get own IP Pools avoiding paying huge consultancy services and do it yourself.

This blog will give you a complete idea on how to get your own IP pools / ASN and the necessary things required:

Questions to be addressed here:

1. Eligibility Criteria & Documents Required?
2. What is IP Pools / Address Pool?
3. What is IPv4 & IPv6?
4. What is an ASN?
5. Why do I need an Address Pools & ASN
6. How/Where to get IP Pools & ASN.
7. How do I justify my requirement to RIR.
8. How much it cost to take resources.

1. Eligibility Criteria & Documents Required?

  • Certificate of Incorporation
  • GST Copy/ Pan Card of Company. (Both Provided Better)
  • Bank Statement/Electricity Bill
  • Board Resolution Copy, Which confirms that Applicant’s Decisionmaking authority.
  • Authorized Signatory’s  Pan Card(for Signature verification)
  • Authorized Signatory’s Aadhar Card (for address verification)See the checklist here

2. What is an IP Pools/Address pool?

As per Wikipedia, IP Pools / Address pool is a set of Internet Protocol addresses available at any level in the IP address allocation hierarchy. At the top level, the IP address pool is managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).

In Simple terms, every device, computer network or similar equipment require a Unique ID for communicating over the internet.

3. What is IPv4 & IPv6?

IPv4 – Internet Protocol version 4 is the fourth revision of Internet Protocol used to identify devices on a network through an addressing system. IPv4 Uses 32-Bit address scheme containing 2^32 addresses (Over 4 Billion Addresses). With the growth of the Internet, IPv4 addresses will exhaust faster as every device which communicates over the Internet needs an IP address. eg.

IPv6- Internet Protocol version 6 has been implemented to fulfil the need for more IP addresses and is the latest version. IPv6 uses 128-Bit address scheme containing 2^128 addresses (Over 340 undecillion unique addresses). IPv6 also called IPng (Internet Protocol next generation). Many networks are reluctant to go for IPv6. For more adoption of IPv6, IRINN do not charges for IPv6 pools as of now.

4. What is an ASN?

An autonomous system number (ASN) is a unique number that’s available globally to identify an autonomous system and which enables that system to exchange exterior routing information with other neighbouring autonomous systems.

According to Definition given by APNIC “An AS is a group of IP networks operated by one or more network operator(s) that has a single and clearly defined external routing policy”.

5. Why do I need an Address Pool & ASN?

To run an Independent setup, networks should have own IP Pools & Autonomous System Number. It helps to differentiate your network from other networks. For BGP Establishment with multiple networks, ASN will be helpful. One can have access to better transit rates & peering services having it’s own IP Pools/ AS number.

6. How/Where to get IP Pools & ASN?

Getting IP Pools & ASN is easy if done correctly. You can apply for this resource in your regional Internet registries (RIRs). Networks available in APAC region, networks can take these resources from IRINN/APNIC. You can apply for these resources online. For APNIC Click here & For IRINN Click here.

Below are the rough guidelines to start applying for ASN/IP Pools:

IRINN Generally take 5-10 Working days to verify these documents. Once verified, IRINN will get back you for Resource Justification request. It manually verifies all documents & contact details provided by you as IPv4 is a very scarce resource.

Resource Justification Generally takes 6-8 days but may lengthen or shorten based on justification provided. After resource justification, your request will be forwarded to the Billing team for payment procedures. Once payment is done, you will be allotted resource within 2-4 Days.

7. How do I justify my requirement to RIR?

IRINN Resource Justification is a Complete Manual Process, to make your case strong you need to make sure that you are providing the adequate documents. IRINN generally differ all resource requests in two scenario’s

A) ISP/Broadband Telecom Customer – If this case inapplicable in your case you are required to submit the ISP License Copy.

B) Non ISP/Enterprise Customer – This list includes Every Non ISP Customer including datacenter & Hosting Companies.

8. How much it cost to take resources?

Fees – IRINN levies fees on IPv4 & IPv6 Differently. For new requests, the Affiliate must pay the Membership fee of Rs. 25000 + GST regardless of how much IPv4 & IPv6 he is taking.

After 1st Year, Costing would be in this way.

For IPv4

For Autonomous System NumberAny request till /34 will cost ?21999 only.*  Taxes will be applicable, All Pricing is subject IRINN Change.

AS Number is Free if the affiliate is taking any other resources and his ASN request is for valid reasons.

Taxes will be Applicable additionally. Currently, IRINN does not allot more than /23 for ISP Customers and /24 for others.

At DE-CIX India we can help you to get ASN & IP Pools, get in touch with us for further process.

Note: Changes & Updates in Polices are sole discretion of IRINN. If you found you anything wrong or misleading with blog, do let us know, we would be super happy to get it corrected.

DE-CIX India’s New Website Launch

DE-CIX India Website_Mobile

de-cix india internet exchange

MUMBAI, India. (15th April 2019) DE-CIX Interwire Internet Services Pvt Ltd, one of the Leading Internet Exchange Operator in India launched its new Website DE-CIX India. this will be the Umbrella website for All Exchanges All across India. Currently, DE-CIX India runs Mumbai-IX in Mumbai, DE-CIX Delhi, DE-CIX Chennai & DE-CIX Kolkata in Delhi, Chennai and Kolkata respectively.

This Website is completely revamped to match DE-CIX Global Design with Enhanced user experience and Features. This website will be a one-stop solution for any query regarding DE-CIX India Exchanges or Mumbai-IX.

“We are super excited to launch our DE-CIX India Website which will match the DE-CIX Global experience with an Indian touch, we have debuted this website as keeping the customer first. So our customers, our partners & visitors can access the information more smoothly and the non-hassled way” Said Vivin Varghese Meleadan, VP – Marketing & Strategy at DE-CIX India.

This website will carry up-to-date information about our services, locations, Industry news, accomplishments and events. We will also we writing here about not only Peering and Interconnection Services but also about How to help Local ISP’s with Indian ISP Industry Updates Broadband News, IPv4, IPv6, ASN, BGP, Networks and other technical queries.

We highly encourage the visitors to have a look and suggest if they have Feedback or maybe compliments, We would love to hear that.  Also join our Mailing list to get more about news, Updates and where we are headed to…!

About DE-CIX India
DE-CIX India is one of the Largest Internet Exchange in India currently interconnects 160+ Networks All across India & the World. DE-CIX India runs Internet Exchange Point in Indian Metro cities in Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata & in Chennai. DE-CIX India is a carrier & datacenter neutral, Internet Exchange for the Indian & South Asian markets DE-CIX India is backed by DE-CIX Global which is the world’s largest Internet Exchange with 6.7 terabits of per second. DE-CIX also runs 16+ Internet exchanges across the world

DE-CIX India is owned & operated by DE-CIX Interwire Internet Services Pvt Ltd, which have the license to run Internet exchanges all across India.

Check more about Mumbai-IX here

4 Challenges for Connected Cars in Practice

There is currently a lot of talk about connected cars and autonomous driving. But for them to actually succeed in reality, there are some prerequisites: In the future, automakers must see themselves as digital companies and the necessary infrastructures must be expanded. Of course, data protection and security must also always be maintained. Ivo Ivanov, CEO of DE-CIX International, the world’s leading Internet Exchange operator, has formulated four of the most important challenges:


1. From driving performance to digital performance

Performance, acceleration from 0 to 100 kilometers per hour, fuel type, and fuel consumption: traditionally, driving performance and such engine parameters as these played a decisive role in the selection of a car. This could change in the future, as digitalization makes ever greater advances in vehicle design and operation. Studies by Deloitte and Mckinsey suggest that in the future, the digital aspects of a vehicle will play a much greater role in purchasing decisions. Software will become an important differentiator in the market. The trend is moving towards “everything from a single source” for the handling of car-related data: classic carmakers are becoming software developers, and on the other hand even digital pioneers like Apple are trying their hand at car making.

2. The question of data sovereignty

The trend toward an integrated offering (vehicle and software from the same manufacturer) must also be seen against the backdrop of data usage and data protection. The data that connected cars generate masse is a valuable asset that no one wants to lose control over. But even more important is not to jeopardize the trust of customers. Anyone who opts for a connected vehicle wants the manufacturer to handle their data with great care. Should problems arise here, the reputation of established brands would be seriously jeopardized. Whether through in-house development or in collaboration with trusted third parties, car manufacturers must be able to guarantee that data protection and control of the data is always, without question, maintained.

3. Latency – the critical factor

Latencies, i.e. delays in data transmission, are experienced in everyday life, for example, in the form of jitter and buffering when streaming videos or online games. These effects are annoying, but not critical. It’s a different story with connected vehicles: if, for example, the communication and navigation of emergency vehicles were to be impaired, serious and potentially life-threatening situations could quickly arise. If cars are to be able to drive autonomously at some point, latency will become an even more crucial safety factor. It can’t be that critical data from your car is transferred to a data center hundreds of miles away, and then back again. This is because data, like most other things, cannot travel faster than light, and thus geographic proximity becomes an essential parameter to meet the high demands of autonomous mobility. In the future, this will require small, decentralized data centers along important transport routes to ensure fast and reliable data transfer.

4. Measures for ensuring cyber security

The possibility of hackers gaining external control of a connected car is one of the worst imaginable horror scenarios of autonomous mobility. What can manufacturers do to prevent such attacks, but also less dramatic ones? peering (exchanging data) at an Internet Exchange is an ideal measure for shielding sensitive data traffic of connected or autonomous cars from unauthorized access and manipulation.

The bottom line:

Connected and autonomous cars will fundamentally transform the world of mobility. Consumer preferences will change, and established brands will need to adapt in order to remain successful. At the same time, digital infrastructure needs to be re-conceptualized and expanded to meet the increasing requirements in terms of data transmission and processing. Internet Exchanges such as DE-CIX, where all threads come together and where secure communication takes place between all stakeholders, play a central role as digital data hubs.

DE-CIX Predictions: 4 trends for 2022

Unfortunately, the pandemic still won’t loosen its grip on the world, and this winter again many activities will need to take place online – from Christmas shopping to events and celebrations. Reliable and fail-safe Internet connections with the lowest possible latency are thus becoming increasingly important – for our private lives, certainly, but above all for the economy as a whole. Here, a significant role is played by Internet Exchanges (IXs). They guarantee a smooth, secure, and fast exchange of data packets between networks of any size, ranging from city carriers to streaming providers and cloud service providers. Dr. Thomas King, CTO at DE-CIX, has identified 4 trends that will shape the connected world, the evolution of Internet trends, and the interconnection business in 2022:

1. Automation: Booking interconnection by click

Automation is no longer just a topic in manufacturing. More and more industries are developing solutions to automate routine IT tasks to become more flexible. Especially in uncertain times like we are currently experiencing, flexibility is a crucial asset. If, for example, a retailer’s business activities suddenly shift from the physical store to the online store, they must be able to react quickly so as not to alienate their customers with downtime. Internet Exchange operators are responding by offering the chance to manage interconnection services via both API and self-service portals. This means that the services at the Internet Exchange can be booked just as easily as computing power can be at the well-known cloud providers. This is possible because a large portion of the infrastructure at an Internet Exchange is now virtualized. But there are also automation approaches in the area of physical infrastructure. In addition to an API and a sophisticated self-service portal, DE-CIX in Frankfurt, for example, now has three patch robots in operation, which reposition cables fully automatically in just seconds, at any time of day.

2. A new era of data exchange

Never before has more data been exchanged than today. But problems remain: For example, when it comes to the confidential, bilateral exchange of large data packets, these are sometimes still stored on hard disks and physically transported. In the future, in the context of Gaia-X, high-performance and confidential data channels will be developed to address this issue. The basic idea behind the Gaia-X project is to create a sovereign European system for secure data exchange based on decentralized, interconnected infrastructure services. Another security-related service that will be increasingly in demand is Closed User Groups, which allow different actors to connect with their private networks via an IX. Closed User Groups enable enterprises to create their own interconnection environment – away from the public peering infrastructure. They can connect with select partners, suppliers, and customers present in multiple different locations, in order to share data securely and efficiently. The interconnection platform provides a direct connection between members of the Closed User Group, with optimized security measures and improved performance. This allows business partners or suppliers to quickly, securely, and directly exchange the data needed to develop or operate complex digital services – ranging from digital health services to autonomous driving. While cloud solutions facilitate data storage and handling, interconnection platforms are key to enabling many-to-many data exchange.

3. “Glocalization” is gaining traction

Various new technology applications such as virtual reality, cloud gaming, and e-health, not to mention connected and autonomous cars, are creating ever higher demands for the lowest possible latencies. Especially for mobility applications, extremely low latencies of less than one millisecond are crucial. Data does not move infinitely fast, so it is necessary for the nearest data center to be a maximum of around 80 kilometers away. A centralized Internet structure, where exchanges exist only in metropolitan areas, can no longer cope with these developments. So, we will see the hosting and processing of data move increasingly close to the edge. In other words, moving closer to the actual location of the consumers of this data and data processing. To some extent, this is already the case: An American streaming provider will host its new series in European data centers when it launches them there. Currently, however, this is only the case in large hubs. We are already seeing accelerated growth in Tier 2 and Tier 3 Internet Exchanges, such as the Ruhr-CIX in Germany, which will open up populous regions further removed from the existing digital hubs. In fact, Germany is leading the way here. However, this development will also continue globally, and Internet Exchanges will in future be found not only in the established digital metropolises, but also in regional centers, all over the world.

4. The car of tomorrow is connected

A stable data connection is becoming increasingly important for vehicles. Real-time information on the nearest charging station, for example, can be crucial for the operating radius of electric cars. At the same time, there are more and more advances in connected cars and autonomous driving, and these also bring high data demand and the need for low latency with them. Next year will therefore see a continuation of a trend that we are already seeing today: Automakers are becoming digital companies. They then have to decide which systems and services to outsource to big tech companies and which to build and operate in-house. In both cases, what is needed is a framework for data exchange between car and server and between different partners. This data exchange needs to be as fast as it is secure.

The bottom line:

We cannot predict the further course of the global Covid-19 pandemic. But we can say, looking at the last two years, that the growth of digital services has increased massively. Where direct, physical exchange is not possible, these services take its place. Content providers, network operators, Internet Exchanges and, increasingly, individual companies that were not previously part of the tech sector are working to provide the infrastructure for these services not only to people in digitally developed centers, but also in previously less well-served regions. The guiding principles are the basic needs of our digital age: Flexibility, security and speed.